Brain bleeding treatment – last minute health news


Brain hemorrhage is severe bleeding that occurs on the surface of the brain.

It creates a balloon-like structure in the vessels by weakening the cerebral artery wall. The balloon-like structure formed in the bifurcation area of ​​the veins is quite weak compared to the healthy vein. Some situations cause this bubble to rupture. This tearing causes brain hemorrhage.

These bleedings are divided into two main headings according to their types; spontaneous and traumatic. Spontaneous bleeding occurs spontaneously, while traumatic bleeding occurs as a result of accidents and injuries. In traumatic bleeding, the entire area of ​​the brain may be affected depending on the severity of the accident.

The region in the brain where the bleeding occurs is important. Bleeding that occurs in the water pool in the brain is called intraventricular bleeding, intracerebnal hemorrhage in the brain tissue, subarachnoid bleeding between the cerebral and inner brain, subdural if between the outer cerebral and midbrain, and epidural hemorrhage between the outer brain and the bone.

The most common causes of cerebral hemorrhage are;

Hypertension; chronic high blood pressure causes weakening of the vascular walls.

Aneurysm; It is called the formation of bubbles by swelling of a weak area of ​​the vessel with blood pressure. When these bubbles burst, they cause brain hemorrhage.

Head injuries; It can be seen as a result of a blow to the head such as traffic accidents or falling from a height.

Blood vessel anomalies; Genetically developed weaknesses and wrong connections in the blood vessels in or around the brain can cause bleeding.

Amyloid angiopathy; occurs with aging and high blood pressure. For this reason, bleeding is usually not noticed.

Bleeding disorders; Coagulation disorders such as hemophilia can trigger micro-bleeds to become massive bleeds.

Brain tumors; Tumors in the brain also cause it.

Symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage vary according to the severity of the bleeding, the amount of tissue affected and the area where it is seen. Symptoms may develop suddenly or manifest themselves over time. It can get progressively worse or come on suddenly. The most common symptoms are as follows; confusion, dizziness, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness.

In some cases, it is very difficult to understand the bleeding in advance. Speech disorders, spasms or numbness in the arms and legs, depending on the area affected by the bleeding, may be the harbinger of brain hemorrhage.

Cerebral hemorrhage requires immediate attention

Brain hemorrhage is a condition with serious consequences. As it will cause the risk of death and irreversible damage, the symptoms should be examined carefully and it is necessary to apply to the emergency department.

Treatment methods vary according to the nature and severity of the bleeding and the condition of the patient.

In some cases, the patient should be kept under observation and followed up. In some cases, treatment with angiographic methods comes to the fore, while surgical methods are preferred in some cases.

Apart from these, drugs aimed at eliminating brain edema and epilepsy preventing drugs may be preferred in treatment.

Neuro-rehabilitation period in cerebral hemorrhage

One of the frequently preferred methods today is treatment in specialized neuro – rehabilitation centers. In order for this method to be preferred, the patient is first evaluated by the Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation specialist. If the person’s condition is suitable for treatment, the process is started. In order to benefit from the treatment;

• The patient should not be life threatening

• Must have the capacity to learn

• Should be able to participate in rehabilitation practices

The physical therapy process is specially planned according to the needs of the patient. The development of the person over time is provided without forcing. Passive joint movements are applied to people who are unconscious or cannot move their arms and legs.

Robotic physical therapy methods may be preferred in the treatment of paralysis due to cerebral hemorrhage. With this method, the recovery time is faster. Preferred robotic methods are;

Robotic bed; the patient is placed in an upright position in the early period and walking is started. It is often preferred for passive walking exercises.

Hand – Arm robot; Ideal for three dimensional exercises. It is used for daily movements exercises. In this way, an intensive treatment is applied with frequent repetitions.

Walking robot; It is preferred for patients who have partially lost the ability to walk. With this robot, the patient can stand up and practice walking movements.

Non-gravity walking belt; the patient’s body weight can be reduced by up to 80% relative to gravity. In this way, the person can perform the necessary exercises without worrying.

Brain hemorrhage treatment

Approximately 1 million people have cerebral hemorrhage annually. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Özkan Yükselmiş explained it for you.

Brain hemorrhage is severe bleeding that occurs on the surface of the brain.

Weakening the cerebral artery wall creates a balloon-like structure in the vessels. The balloon-like structure formed in the bifurcation region of the vessels is quite weak compared to the healthy vessel. Some situations cause this bubble to rupture. This tearing causes brain hemorrhage.

These bleedings are divided into two main headings according to their types; spontaneous and traumatic. Spontaneous bleeding occurs spontaneously, while traumatic bleeding occurs as a result of accidents and injuries. In traumatic bleeding, the entire area of ​​the brain may be affected depending on the severity of the accident.

The region in the brain where the bleeding occurs is important. Bleeding that occurs in the water pool in the brain is called intraventricular bleeding, intracerebnal bleeding in the brain tissue, subarachnoid bleeding between the brain and inner brain, subdural if between the outer cerebral and midbrain, and epidural hemorrhage between the outer brain and the bone.

The most common causes of cerebral hemorrhage are;

Hypertension; chronic high blood pressure causes weakening of the vascular walls.

Aneurysm; It is called the formation of bubbles by swelling of a weak area of ​​the vessel with blood pressure. When these bubbles burst, they cause brain hemorrhage.

Head injuries; It can be seen as a result of a blow to the head such as traffic accidents or falling from a height.

Blood vessel anomalies; Genetically developed weaknesses and wrong connections in the blood vessels in or around the brain can cause bleeding.

Amyloid angiopathy; occurs with aging and high blood pressure. For this reason, bleeding is usually not noticed.

Bleeding disorders; Coagulation disorders such as hemophilia can trigger micro-bleeds to become massive bleeds.

Brain tumors; Tumors in the brain also cause it.

Symptoms of cerebral hemorrhage vary according to the severity of the bleeding, the amount of tissue affected and the area where it is seen. Symptoms may develop suddenly or manifest themselves over time. It can get worse gradually or come on suddenly. The most common symptoms are as follows; confusion, dizziness, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness.

In some cases, it is very difficult to understand the bleeding in advance. Speech disorders, spasms or numbness in the arms and legs, depending on the area affected by the bleeding, may be the harbinger of brain hemorrhage.

Brain bleeding requires immediate attention

Brain hemorrhage is a condition with serious consequences. As it will cause the risk of death and irreversible damage, the symptoms should be examined carefully and it is necessary to apply to the emergency department.

Treatment methods vary according to the nature and severity of the bleeding and the condition of the patient.

In some cases, the patient should be kept under observation and followed up. In some cases, treatment with angiographic methods comes to the fore, while surgical methods are preferred in some cases.

Apart from these, drugs aimed at eliminating brain edema and epilepsy preventing drugs may be preferred in treatment.

Neuro-rehabilitation period in cerebral hemorrhage

One of the most preferred methods today is treatment in specialized neuro – rehabilitation centers. In order for this method to be preferred, the patient is first evaluated by the Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation specialist. If the person’s condition is suitable for treatment, the process is started. In order to benefit from the treatment;

• The patient should not be life threatening

• Must have the capacity to learn

• Should be able to participate in rehabilitation practices

The physical therapy process is specially planned according to the needs of the patient. The development of the person over time is provided without forcing. Passive joint movements are applied to people who are unconscious or cannot move their arms and legs.

Robotic physical therapy methods may be preferred in the treatment of paralysis due to cerebral hemorrhage. With this method, the recovery time is faster. Preferred robotic methods are;

Robotic bed; the patient is placed in an upright position in the early period and walking is started. It is often preferred for passive walking exercises.

Hand – Arm robot; Ideal for three dimensional exercises. It is used for exercises of daily movements. In this way, an intensive treatment is applied with frequent repetitions.

Walking robot; It is preferred for patients who have partially lost the ability to walk. With this robot, the patient can stand up and practice walking movements.

Non-gravity walking belt; the patient’s body weight can be reduced by up to 80% relative to gravity. In this way, the person can perform the necessary exercises without worrying.


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