Cesarean delivery increases the risk of asthma in the child

Dr. Sami Ulus Obstetrics, Child Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital Chief Physician, Pediatric Immunology and Allergy Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Zülfikar Akelma told Anadolu Agency (AA) that asthma is a very common chronic disease all over the world, and the World Health Organization (WHO) accepts asthma as an important global public health problem.

Stating that the quality of life of an asthmatic patient decreases, he can experience frequent attacks as well as continuous medication, Akelma stated that most importantly, if the disease is not controlled, the person can die.

Akelma emphasized that there are 339 million asthma patients worldwide and the incidence of the disease has increased in the last 50 years and said, “The prevalence rate of the disease in children is about 15 percent, that is, asthma is seen in one out of every 8 children. So almost one in every 10-11 people has asthma. ” he spoke.

Emphasizing that one of the reasons for the increase in the incidence of asthma is genetic, Akelma stated that if the mother or father has asthma, the rate of the child being sick is 25 percent, and if both the mother and the father have this rate, this rate is 50 percent.

“Caesarean delivery is one of the factors that increase the risk of asthma”

Assoc. Dr. Akelma pointed out that another reason for the increasing trend is the mode of delivery and said:

“As the delivery mode shifts towards cesarean section, allergic diseases are seen more frequently. Asthma is one of them. Therefore, we recommend that the birth should be made absolutely normal if there is no contrary situation. When the baby is born by cesarean section, it does not get the beneficial bacteria from the mother first and the bacterial diversity. In our country, cesarean section is quite high, that is, almost one out of every two children is born by cesarean. The Ministry of Health is trying to reduce cesarean section. In other words, cesarean delivery is one of the factors that increase the risk of asthma. “

“Risk of asthma is less in children who are breastfed”

Referring to the fact that the feeding style of the baby is an important factor, Akelma stated that the risk of asthma is lower in children who have breastfed for at least one year, so breastfeeding should be encouraged.

Akelma pointed out that another important factor that caused the increase was the frequent use of antibiotics, and continued as follows:

“Antibiotics are used when needed, but their correct and rational use is important and must be used under the supervision of a doctor. Otherwise, they kill the beneficial bacteria in the body and increase diseases such as asthma. Another reason is the type of nutrition. For example, packaged foods with a long shelf life, Instead of processed foods, a fresh, healthy diet should be preferred in season. “

“Smoking by people staying in the same house affects the child”

Stating that obesity increases the frequency of asthma and makes it difficult to control asthma, Akelma recommended regular, healthy diet and exercise.

Explaining that the cigarette smoked by the people who stay in the same house affects the child even if they do not smoke with the child, Akelma said, “Passive smoking is an important health problem in our country. Therefore, cigarettes and tobacco should not be used. Users should quit smoking.” said.

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