The outbreak of Kovid-19, which broke out in Wuhan, China, continues to affect the world economy, people’s lives, freedom and habits in an extraordinary way.
WHO became aware of the cases of “pneumonia of unknown cause” in the city through a bulletin published in Wuhan this week last year. In fact, these cases were the first emergence of the new type of coronavirus.
The number of Kovid-19 cases worldwide has exceeded 81 million, and virus-related deaths have exceeded 1 million 780 thousand.
Intense criticism of WHO
The global health authority, WHO, is accused of “being inadequate” in the fight against Kovid-19, “taking late steps”, “giving contradictory messages” and “continuing to pump fear to people hoping for vaccination studies”.
However, the organization emphasizes that vaccines are only a part of the fight against Kovid-19, and that measures such as masks, distance and hygiene continue.
US decision to withdraw from WHO
US President Donald Trump accused WHO of “not making the necessary reforms”, “being a puppet of China”, “acting with a focus on China” and “covering up the dimensions of the epidemic”.
The US administration also announced that it will officially withdraw from WHO on July 6, 2021.
Despite President Trump’s heavy accusations, Ghebreyesus called for “not politicizing the Kovid-19 outbreak”.
Was WHO able to use its “unique” advantages in the fight against the epidemic?
WHO has an “innumerable” and “unique” role in healthcare around the world, in exchanging information with member states on communicable diseases, providing “vital advice” on medical matters, coordinating vaccination efforts, and providing equipment support to low-income countries.
194 countries have become members of WHO since its establishment.
WHO, which has both a directing and coordinating position in the field of health and has a structure with wide powers, is the guiding organization on global health.
In articles 21 and 22 of the WHO’s founding charter, the powers that allow the organization to take decisions that will be valid all over the world and that these decisions can be valid without being approved by the domestic legal mechanisms of the member states are regulated.
No other international organization has these powers of WHO.
Despite its strength, the organization has been criticized for being ineffective as the epidemic wreaked havoc around the world.
“Don’t close your borders with China”
On January 30, when the “international public health emergency” was declared, the organization’s call to “not close your borders with China” was met with surprise.
According to many experts, this call paved the way for the virus to spread all over the world. WHO denied these allegations.
The organization declared the epidemic as a global pandemic on March 11, after the virus spread to many countries.
The organization made insistent statements that healthy people do not need to wear masks since the first days of the epidemic, but on June 5, it was the first time to recommend governments to wear masks in public transportation and public places.
The WHO’s proposal to wear masks to healthy people exactly 5 months and 5 days after the global emergency was declared in the epidemic was featured in the world press with the headlines of “mask conflict”.
Discussions on the origin of Kovid-19
WHO has insisted that the Kovid-19 virus is of natural origin from the first days of the epidemic.
As a matter of fact, in the statement made by the organization on April 21, “(We do not know the origin or origin of Kovid-19 yet. There is only one thing we are sure of that the virus originated from an animal. It was not manipulated in a laboratory.” Statement was used.
US President Donald Trump said on May 1 that he saw evidence that Kovid-19 came out of a laboratory in Wuhan, China. The organization, on the other hand, insisted that the virus was of natural origin in the face of Trump’s statements.
WHO scientific delegation has not yet been able to go to Wuhan
A team of researchers within the organization held a virtual meeting on the origin of Kovid-19 with Chinese experts at the end of October.
However, although 1 year has passed after the symptoms of the virus appeared in Wuhan, the WHO scientific delegation to investigate the origin of Kovid-19 has not yet reached Wuhan.
The organization acknowledged that despite ongoing research, little is known about “how, where and when the virus started spreading in Wuhan.”
It has been reported that 10 international scientists will go to Wuhan next month to investigate the origin of the virus 1 year after the first death from Kovid-19 was recorded in China.
Criticism of transparency
All press conferences held at the UN Geneva Office are open to the press.
The fact that WHO, an organization under the UN, physically closed its doors to the press and held only online meetings at a time when the biggest health problem of the last century was experienced, caused heavy criticism.
Indeed, the WHO media team ranked last in the traditional year-end survey conducted by the UN Geneva Office Accredited Press Members Association (ACANU).
67 percent of the international journalists participating in the survey made the option that the WHO media team managed the Kovid-19 outbreak “bad”.
ACANU published the survey results on Twitter.
ACANU, the UN’s 71-year journalist organization, and the Swiss Association of Foreign Journalists (APES) sent letters to Director-General Ghebreyesus “to ensure more information access and transparency”.
The claim that “WHO’s policies are guided”
Following the US decision to withdraw from WHO, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has become the organization’s number one financier.
One of the most serious criticisms of the organization during the pandemic period was the allegations that some multinational non-profit groups such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, whose transparency was controversial, directed “WHO’s policies”.
WHO’s “COVAX” success
Despite all the criticism, experts state that “a great job has been achieved” with the Kovid-19 Vaccines Global Access Program (COVAX), which is carried out in coordination with WHO.
WHO announced that with the COVAX initiative, 2 billion doses of vaccine will be distributed to middle and low-income countries in 2021.
With COVAX, fair distribution of Kovid-19 vaccines has been planned and 190 countries have participated in this initiative so far.
Established for rich countries to support low and middle-income countries, COVAX came to the fore as the “greatest success” of WHO in the epidemic.
WHO’s past successes give hope for Covid-19
WHO has the world’s most important scientists in the field of epidemiology.
These experts also attend the press conferences organized by Ghebreyesus. The organization has begun to deliver consistent messages in the fight against Kovid-19, especially in recent months.
WHO’s past achievements against smallpox, polio and Ebola give humanity hope for ending the Kovid-19 epidemic.
WHO Director-General Ghebreyesus made a call for “global solidarity” in almost all the press conferences he organized.
“If one of us is not safe, nobody is safe,” said Ghebreyesus, warning against “vaccine nationalism”.
“None of us can end an epidemic on our own, but we will end this epidemic together,” Ghebreyesus said at the last press conference of the year he held on Monday. finished with the words.