Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Head of Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Department. Dr. Bülent Şekerel pointed out that asthma can occur at any age and stated that avoiding air pollution and regular exercise reduces the effects of the disease.
Şekerel told Anadolu Agency (AA) that asthma occurs due to a specific inflammation that is not caused by microbes and causes narrowing of the airway, on the occasion of World Asthma Day.
Stating that asthma manifests itself with symptoms such as recurrent and episodic shortness of breath, wheezing, chest pressure and cough, Şekerel said, “The incidence of asthma has gradually increased over the years. In our country, 5 percent of adults and 10 percent of children. It is estimated that there are 335 million asthmatics in the world and 4 million in our country. ” shared his knowledge.
Şekerel noted that asthma and allergies are related, and 50-70 percent of asthmatics have allergies to particles such as dust and pollen in the air, drugs or foods.
Stating that asthma is a genetic disease, Şekerel said, “However, we know that not a single gene but multiple genes can cause asthma. Asthma is not infected and does not benefit from antibiotic treatments. As a result of the irregular work of the immune system, an inflammatory reaction occurs in the bronchi. this worsens the inflammation. ” said.
“Asthma is not just a childhood disease”
Şekerel pointed out that there is a wrong opinion in the society that “asthma is a childhood disease and it will go away as the child grows”, and said:
“As the child with asthma grows, it is known that the complaints and the need for medication decrease. Even after childhood, there may not be any complaints and medication need for a long time. This is the main reason for the belief that asthma will pass. However, childhood asthma may return in middle age or old age. Sometimes, it may return to childhood. In individuals who have a completely healthy age, asthma may develop in the middle or even advanced ages. For these reasons, everyone should take care of their lung health. “
Emphasizing the importance of avoiding air pollution and regular exercise for lung health, Şekerel said, “In addition, frequent ventilation of indoor environments, reducing the use of cleaners such as detergents, avoiding intense odor substances, new furniture should be taken home after the smells are released. or avoiding smoking environments are the basic attitudes that should be followed. ” used the expressions.
“Exercise does not worsen asthma”
Şekerel pointed out that patients whose asthma is not controlled can experience various problems such as cough, wheezing or shortness of breath when exercising, “The problem here is that asthma is uncontrolled, otherwise exercise does not worsen asthma. Exercise is very important for our body and mental health and asthmatics, like everyone else, should exercise. If exercise causes complaints, it should be understood that the person’s asthma treatment is insufficient. In this case, the patient should consult his physician and rearrange his asthma treatment. ” said.
“Attacks can be life threatening in asthma patients”
Stating that factors such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, indoor air pollutants that emit odors, allergens, virus infections, some medications and stress and the patient’s non-compliance with treatment cause asthma attacks, Şekerel said:
Emphasizing that asthma can be controlled and patients can continue their lives like healthy individuals, Şekerel underlined that the factors that trigger asthma should be avoided and treatment should not be disrupted.