Monday, May 03, 2021 – 16:09 | Last Updated: 03 05 2021 – 16:10
With the arrival of spring, pollen started to fly. In these months, the sun being brighter and the fragrances of flowers warms us up, and our joy of life increases. However, there are those who are not so happy that these months have come: Spring allergy sufferers! Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. U. Emrah Altıparmak gave detailed information about the effects of spring allergy on the eyes.
Due to the effect of pollens increasing in the spring months, people with allergies start to get clogged and watery in the nose, rash and itching on the skin. In some people, along with these symptoms, there are also complaints such as itching, watering, redness in the eyes. Saying that these symptoms are caused by spring allergy, Professor of Eye Health and Diseases. Dr. U. Emrah Altıparmak “The diagnosis of spring allergy can be made with typical complaints and history: Patients state that their eyes start to burn and watery with the arrival of spring months. Sensitivity to light is also seen in the eyes. However, the indispensable finding is ‘itching’. If there is no itching, it would not be right to talk about allergies. ” says.
WHO IS FREQUENTLY SEEN?
Stating that spring allergy can be seen in everyone, and people with a family history of allergy (atopy) are more prone, Altıparmak said, “It is known that it is more common in people with a history of allergy (atopic dermatitis), nasal rhinitis due to allergies or asthma. In these people, allergic findings in the eye can be observed simultaneously with their existing diseases. Although spring allergies can be seen at almost any age, it is the most common age between the ages of 5 and 20. It is rarely seen in children under 5 years of age, if there is no itching, the diagnosis should be approached with suspicion. Its incidence peaks at the ages of 11-13. Again, at this age, clinically allergy shows the most severe course. Allergy symptoms begin to alleviate with advancing age. “Patients feel the allergy, but express that their complaints are not as severe as they used to be,” he said.
SPRING ALLERGY CAN IMPACT SCHOOL SUCCESS
Prof. Dr. Altıparmak said that spring allergy can be considered as a disease that affects the quality of life in general. Stating that the school success of children may be affected due to complaints in the eyes in school-age children, Altıparmak said, “The child whose eyes are constantly red and watery can be excluded by his friends and psychologically negatively affected. The treatment will prevent such negativity.
We now know that constant scratching due to allergies can turn into thinning of the cornea (transparent layer) layer of the eye and this can turn into Keratoconus (a cone-like steepening in the cornea) disease. In this respect, Keratoconus disease can be prevented with the correct and effective treatment of children with allergy complaints at an early age.
In some cases, the corneal layer may be damaged due to excessive allergic response in the eyelids and eye itching, we call it Corneal Ulcer. This situation is considered an emergency and needs effective treatment, ”he said.
BEFORE YOU PLAN A TRAVEL…
Prof. Dr. U. Emrah Altıparmak explained the treatment method as follows:
“Spring allergy is a condition that can be largely treated with eye drops. Anti-histamic eye drops, eye drops that affect the behavior of allergy cells and cortisone eye drops greatly improve the course of the disease. In some resistant cases, different drop therapies or systemic drugs may be required. If the disease occurs especially in a certain region, it should be avoided because it may be due to the vegetation in that geography. Cold compresses can be applied to reduce complaints such as excessive itching and swelling on the lids. “