How to increase the psychological resilience of children during pandemic period


The coronavirus process has been a very difficult period not only for adults but also for children. This period tests the resilience of not only children but also every person. Psychological resilience, called resilience, is defined as the ability of children to stand up again after difficult situations. So what should parents do to increase the resilience of their children? Expert Clinical Psychologist Ece Eryilmaz explained.

HAVE NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON CHILDREN!

We left behind a year where people of all ages took the endurance test. During the pandemic period when even adults have difficulty keeping up with the changes experienced, the emotional and mental health of children who lost their school routines, limited socialization opportunities and spent almost all days in front of the screen became an extremely important problem for parents. Parents have started to spend more time and effort in order to cope with the difficulties of different dimensions of the period and to better meet the physical needs of their children due to education, socialization and inactivity. In this challenging period, children with a high level of psychological resilience and high ability to cope with difficulties adapted to change more quickly. The negative impact of protective parenting on children has also become more visible. Every parent wants their child to be always happy and enjoyable, never sad or disappointed. But there are also difficulties and disappointments in life. Children are not prepared for a realistic world when overprotective parenting attitudes are displayed in such a way that they do not face frustration and stress while growing up.

WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGICAL RESIDENCE?

“Resilience” is the capacity to be prepared for adversities, to cope with stress and trauma, to adapt to difficult conditions, and to cope with destructive experiences by learning from them. It is both spiritual and physical stamina and flexibility. Psychological resilience is the ability to get back up after difficult situations. In short, it can be defined as the immune system or protective shield of the soul. The American Psychological Association defines being able to adapt well to adversity, trauma, tragedy, threat or stress conditions as resilience. Being able to show high performance under stress despite stress shows psychological endurance.

Specialist Clinical Psychologist Ece Eryılmaz stated that psychological resilience plays a very important role in the development of children and that families who understand the needs of the child, help the child to perceive what is happening around him and find inner balance, will also contribute to the psychological resilience of the child in the long term. Eryılmaz said, “When we adopt overprotective parenting attitudes in such a way that children cannot face with frustration and stress while growing up, we will not prepare them for a realistic world. When faced with difficulties, they are satisfied as they experience that they are able to cope with events by challenging them. “The ability to overcome difficulties is important for them to stand on their own feet and be successful in the future,” he said.

3 FUNDAMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING PSYCHOLOGICAL ENDURANCE

Eryilmaz stated that three basic factors are necessary for the development of psychological resilience in children, and that these factors play a critical role in the psychological resilience of children: The first is that the child feels safe, the other is self-confidence, has the belief that he will succeed, and the third is his own limits and his resilience by knowing well what he can do. guess. Ece Eryılmaz “Psychological endurance is the capacity to bend without breaking in difficult situations and return to its former shape after the event has passed. It means having an optimistic attitude in the face of negativities and striving to cope with them with self-confidence. Psychologically resilient children also have emotional strength. This means that the child has the power to cope with the problems he / she encounters in life. Thus, the individual; From childhood to adolescence, from adolescence to adulthood turns into a person with life success As parents, recognizing that life is up and down and stressful situations exist, it is the greatest gift we can give children to help children face these difficulties and grow stronger when they cope with them, ”he said.

WHAT CAN FAMILIES DO TO INCREASE THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ENDURANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN?

– To be able to meet the emotional needs of the child as well as their physical needs.

– The relationship between the child and the parent is very important. Children with parents who are compassionate, loving, who understand and meet the needs of the child, and who are consistent and have clear boundaries become self-fulfilling, happy children and, in the future, a happy adult.

– Not being overprotective. Also being able to let the child upset or fail.

“I know this situation is difficult for you. I am on your side. You can overcome this ”.

– To make the child feel that he / she is valuable and special. The child can feel that you are with him here and now. For this, to be able to laugh, laugh, play, drool together.

– Emphasizing not how great they are doing things, but how hard they try and how they can continue without giving up so that the child feels competent and competent.

– Listening with curiosity to what the child experiences and tells. Understanding how you feel in difficult situations, negative events, and talking together. To encourage the child to find solutions instead of giving ideas about how to cope with this difficult situation.


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