Hypertension costs 10 million lives each year

gave | Monday, May 17, 2021 – 11:17 | Last Updated: 17 05 2021 – 11:17

Stating that hypertension is one of the main causes of premature death in the world, Prof. Dr. Bilal Boztosun “Hypertension, one of the most common chronic diseases of our age, kills more than 10 million people every year worldwide. One of the most important ways to reduce risk is to reduce salt intake. 2-3 grams, that is, about 1 teaspoon of salt, actually meets our daily needs. Unfortunately, we have a very high salt intake of 18 grams per day in our country, ”he said.

Head of Cardiology Department Prof. Dr. Bilal Boztosun made important statements within the scope of May 17 World Hypertension Day. Prof. Dr. Stating that hypertension affects more than one billion people worldwide, Boztosun said, “Hypertension, one of the most common chronic diseases of our age leading to an increase in the risk of cardiovascular, brain and kidney diseases, is the main cause of premature death with one in four men and one in five women. Hypertension kills more than 10 million people each year worldwide. The prevalence of hypertension in adults has been reported as 31.2% in our country. In a study conducted in our country, unfortunately, it was found that 24.2 percent of those using blood pressure medication had blood pressure values ​​at the target levels, so we know that many of our patients did not have the desired blood pressure value.


Expressing that blood pressure increases due to hypertension, Prof. Dr. Boztosun continued: “The heart pumps blood circulating in the body through blood vessels. Blood pressure is the force or pressure that blood flows through it pushes against the walls or sides of the blood vessels. Normal blood pressure is about 120/80 mm Hg. Having high blood pressure.” This means that the force that the blood pumps into the body or its veins is too strong. This force puts too much pressure on the arteries and the heart. If not managed, it can lead to heart attack or stroke and can even be fatal. The veins are stretched further to make sure the blood is reaching. Therefore, the blood pressure rises. This initially causes chest pain, especially with effort, and then results in a heart attack in more severe cases. There are many changes in your lifestyle that can help reduce the risk of hypertension. to reduce the intake. “


Prof. Dr. Boztosun stated that attention should be paid to salt consumption and gave the following information: “Salt not only adds flavor to our food, but is also the source of sodium, the main mineral required for our body to function. Over the years, people have started to use salt much more generously than necessary. More people are becoming susceptible to diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure and heart problems. Technically, we should not consume more than 2-3 grams of salt per day. This means that roughly 1 teaspoon of salt will actually meet our daily needs. We have high salt intake. However, many fast foods and packaged foods use additional salts. These salts contribute to our daily salt intake, although we do not always see them. This does not mean that junk food has to be cut completely, but it is essential to be in moderation. intake of two g per day for 18 months A reduction in hypertension can lead to a 35 percent reduction in the prevalence of hypertension. For people who already have high blood pressure, a salt reduction of 4.6 g / day may help lower blood pressure by 5.06 / 2.70 mm Hg. “


Advising high blood pressure patients to avoid Kovid-19, Prof.Dr. Boztosun, “Take your medications regularly. Make sure you have enough medication with you to treat high blood pressure and other health conditions. Check your blood pressure with BP machines at home. If your blood pressure is above 140/90 mm Hg, consult your doctor. Stay at home and socially. Maintain distance.Be careful with hand hygiene Try to do some exercises at home as your daily activity level is significantly reduced.Even moderate intense physical activity, such as brisk walking, is beneficial when done regularly for at least 5 days a week for a total of 30 minutes or more. Avoid all forms of tobacco and passive smoking to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke.A healthy diet is important for managing blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart attack, stroke and other diseases. Fruits, vegetables, whole grain and high fiber foods, skimmed and low-fat milk Aim for a diet rich in products. “Avoid salt and added sugar.”

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