Risk of caffeine poisoning in energy drinks!


Saturday, March 13, 2021 – 17:33 | Last Updated: 13 03 2021 – 17:33

Experts warn about the consumption of energy drinks, which came to the fore with the death of a 15-year-old teenager in Istanbul. Noting that the most common ingredient in energy drinks is caffeine, experts point out that the most important side effects are on the cardiovascular and neurological systems. Noting that blood pressure may increase if caffeine intake exceeds 100 milligrams per day in adolescents (between the ages of 10-19), experts warn of caffeine poisoning.

Nutrition and Diet Expert Özden Örkçü made warnings about the consumption of energy drinks that have been on the agenda recently.

Stating that energy drink consumption is primarily a health issue for adolescents and young adult males, Özden Örkçü said, “The increasing substance abuse and risk-taking behaviors are associated with it. The most common side effects affect the cardiovascular and neurological systems. “The most common ingredient in energy drinks is caffeine and is believed to be associated with the effects of adverse events and the enhancing effects of other stimulants in these drinks.”

Caffeine consumption should not exceed 100 milligrams per day.

Pointing out the effects of energy drinks on children, Özden Örkçü said, “These drinks are generally used by children and young people to stay awake while studying and to have fun for long hours. Usually in individuals, symptoms of caffeine poisoning develop either above 200 mg or at an equal dose. Symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, gastrointestinal discomfort, muscle twitching, restlessness, and periods of fatigue. In adolescents (between the ages of 10-19), when caffeine intake exceeds 100 mg per day, it can cause an increase in blood pressure. Caffeine consumption in adolescents and children should not exceed 100 mg per day, ”he warned.

There is a correlation between caffeine intake and violent behavior

Özden Örkçü stated that a study conducted with adolescents aged 15-16 showed a strong correlation between caffeine intake and behavioral disorders, as well as violent behavior:

“Studies have suggested that it may contribute to ischemic stroke and cause epileptic seizures. Hallucinations may be observed in people who consume more than 300 mg of caffeine per day. In eating disorders in children and adolescents, especially anorexyanurosis, they may consume regular and high amounts of caffeine for diuresis and loose stools, appetite suppression, fatigue and calorie restriction. Energy drinks generally contain large doses of sugar, ranging from 21 grams to 34 grams per dose. The form of sugar is usually made up of sucrose, glucose and high fructose corn syrup. Therefore, excessive energy drink intake increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Added calories can increase blood pressure, blood glucose level, body mass index, calcium deficiency, dental problems, depression and low self-esteem. “

Referring to the effects of energy drinks on athletes, Özden Örkçü said, “Energy drinks can affect performance positively due to the carbohydrate and caffeine they contain, but the amount of carbohydrate they contain may be higher than the recommended ratio for athletes. The effects of caffeine on mental and physical performance are stated, but the amount of caffeine in drinks may be higher than the recommended amounts. In addition, it is not known how other substances added to energy drinks besides caffeine and carbohydrates will have an effect on athletes ”.

Irregular consumption increases stress

Noting that the consumption of energy drinks by both recreational and competitive athletes has increased significantly in recent years, Özden Örkçü said, “The literature contradicts the capacity of energy drinks to increase psychophysical results. Unconscious and excessive consumption of energy drinks causes disturbances in the biological clock, especially in my sleeping hours and waking hours. It has been observed that there is a relationship between the presence of mental and physical stress in youth and athletes in unconscious and excessive consumption, ”he said.

Nutrition and diet specialist Özden Örkçü said, “We can say that energy drinks, which are easily accessible on market shelves and are a part of popular culture, are not so innocent. “It is known that its harmful effects such as accelerating the process from cerebral ischemia (stroke) to stillbirth, from epileptic attack to sleep disorder, from cardiac arrest to alcohol addiction are known.


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