It has been reported that the rate of social immunity in Turkey approached 25 percent, with approximately 9 million 600 thousand people having the second dose vaccine and nearly 5 million people suffering from the disease.
Ministry of Health Social Scientific Committee Member and Gazi University (GÜ) Faculty of Medicine Dean Prof. Dr. Mustafa Necmi İlhan made evaluations on the importance of vaccination in combating the epidemic and Turkey’s vaccination strategy.
In the international literature and to the World Health Organization (DSÖEmphasizing that when an epidemic is in question, it is necessary to prevent transmission routes and at the same time create immunity, and stated that the vaccination program should be implemented for every virus vaccinated in the fight against the epidemic.
60-70 PERCENT VACCINATION TARGET
İlhan said, “WHO says that 60-70 percent of the corona viruses transmitted by respiratory tract should be vaccinated or immunized by disease in order to win the fight by controlling the disease. For this reason, there is no chance to fight coronavirus without vaccination.” said.
SOCIAL IMMUNITY STRATEGY
Stating that “herd immunity” and “social immunity” strategies can be applied to control the epidemic, İlhan made the following explanations:
“Herd immunity was a method that Britain and Sweden tried at the beginning of the process. Herd immunity is the way that people meet the virus after 60-70 percent of the virus is infected in the society by leaving the society on its own. Social immunity is the release of the society. It is in the form of ensuring immunity of the society at 70 percent through vaccination within a certain plan. “
Stating that Turkey’s strategy on this issue has been clear since the beginning of the epidemic, İlhan said, “Since the beginning, the strategy of ‘social immunity’ has been implemented in Turkey.” he spoke.
25 PERCENT TARGET HAS BEEN REACHED
Prof. Dr. İlhan stated that since March 11, 2020, when the first Covid-19 case was detected in Turkey, efforts have been made to get as few people infected as possible, with precautionary decisions, a struggle has been made to ensure that few people are infected until the vaccine is developed and access is provided. He reminded that vaccination planning was made for social immunity in Turkey.
Underlining that 60-70 percent of the target group should be vaccinated in order to create social immunity, İlhan continued as follows:
“When we look at the citizens over the age of 18 in Turkey, it is possible to talk about 60 million people. Because, we have 23 million young people under the age of 18. In this direction, 60 million in Turkey need to be immunized. Now, when we look at the second dose of vaccine in our country, 9 million 600 thousand people. At the same time, we have approximately 5 million citizens who have had coronavirus for now. Considering that the level of 15 million has been reached in this direction, it is possible to say that the target of 25 percent is approached.
‘VACCINE DIVERSITY IS A SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENT’
Stating that vaccine supply is of great importance in gaining social immunity, İlhan said, “Turkey is one of the rare countries in the world that makes different vaccines. Vaccine diversity is an important gain in vaccine supply.”
VACCINE AGES 40 AND ABOVE REDUCES THE DEATH RATE
Prof. Dr. İlhan reminded that the vaccine is applied starting from high risk groups within the scope of the strategy applied to gain social immunity.
İlhan explained that it is predicted that the mortality rates due to the disease will decrease significantly with the vaccination of citizens over the age of 40, and continued his words as follows:
“Because chronic diseases usually start at the age of 40, and when we look at coronavirus deaths, we see that those with at least one chronic disease have a higher risk of death than those who do not. Therefore, when the age of 40 is vaccinated, the risk of death will be further reduced in the society.”
60-70 PERCENT FORECAST IN THE FALL TERM
Social Science Board member Prof. Dr. Stating that gaining social immunity will be possible by vaccination of those over the age of 18, İlhan said, “If there is no shortage of vaccines, the target of 60-70 percent, which is required for gaining social immunity, can be achieved in the fall period, with vaccination over the age of 18.” he spoke.
TOPLAM AS WELL
According to the table given on the Ministry of Health Covid-19 Vaccine Information Platform as of May 4, 2021 at 15:00, the number of people who received the first dose was 14 million 182 thousand 727, and the number of people who received the second dose was 9 million 685 thousand 833. The number of vaccine doses applied was recorded as 23 million 868 thousand 550.