What are the causes of hearing loss in adults? How to treat hearing loss in the ear?

The incidence of hearing loss increases with age. Ear diseases and problems between the central nervous system and the auditory pathways are among the main causes of hearing loss, which is similar in almost every country. Prof. Dr. Yıldırım Ahmet Bayazıt touched upon the causes of hearing loss and drew attention to the fact that individuals with a family history of hearing loss may experience this problem starting from their 30s.


Prof. Dr. Stating that some diseases in the body can cause hearing loss by affecting the hearing system indirectly, Bayazıt said:

“Structural problems of the ear such as atresia, formation of ear plugs such as plugs, eardrum and eustachian tube problems, acute and chronic ear infections, calcification or congenital anomalies affecting the ossicular structure or movement of the middle ear, structural disorders of the inner ear, Meniere’s disease affecting the inner ear dynamics We can consider such reasons as priority. In addition to these, viral infections, toxic reactions caused by certain chemicals in the inner ear, pressure trauma, other ear and head trauma, exposure to sudden and loud noise or prolonged noise, ear or brainstem tumors are among the causes.

Pointing out that neurological diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS), blood diseases such as leukemia, endocrine and metabolic diseases such as diabetes and rheumatism may also be the cause of hearing loss. Dr. Yıldırım Ahmet Bayazıt added that individuals suspected of hearing loss should definitely consult an ENT specialist. “After the tests performed with simple examinations and tests, the treatment of hearing loss can be done according to the patient’s condition. Bayazıt said that with the application of hearing aids or hearing implants in cases of advanced loss, the patient can regain hearing ability, ”said Bayazıt, and said that there is no age limit for implanting in adults who lost their hearing later. However, he emphasized that the implant procedure should be done as soon as possible after hearing loss occurs, otherwise the efficiency of the implant may be low or the adaptation of the person to the auditory implant may be difficult.


If a person has a severe hearing loss and does not benefit from conventional hearing aids, the relevant physician may decide that the implant procedure is appropriate in the light of the clinical evaluation and tests. Dr. Yıldırım Bayazıt stated that the cochlear implant procedure of the patient can be approved within the scope of SSI reimbursement in tertiary hospital conditions with certain conditions. Dr. Bayazıt continued as follows:

“A person with a hearing loss should apply to the ear, nose and throat diseases clinic of a tertiary hospital authorized to perform this procedure in order to have cochlear implant surgery. Cochlear implantation is applied in many tertiary health institutions in our country. After the first examination by the otolaryngologist, the patient’s hearing and speech tests are performed. Ear structure is visualized by radiological methods. If the physician concerned is convinced that the patient is an implant candidate, the patient will be included in the surgery program with the committee report to be issued with the signature of three otolaryngologists. ”


Emphasizing that untreated hearing losses start to cause psychological and social problems in the person and his / her immediate environment, Dr. Bayazıt stated that in these people who started to be isolated from the society, depression started and the person’s communication skills and learning ability started to decrease. Stating that there is a relationship between untreated hearing loss and early dementia (dementia), Dr. Bayazıt pointed out that when hearing loss is detected, it is critical to visit an ENT specialist without wasting time.

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