What causes stomach cancer? What are the symptoms of stomach cancer? 12-step prevention guide from stomach cancer!


General Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Deniz Atasoy pointed out that stomach cancer is actually a preventable type of cancer, “In addition to the precautions we will take in our diet and living habits, it is possible to protect against stomach cancer by quitting smoking and making exercise continuous. In addition, individuals with stomach complaints should definitely consult a physician for early detection of stomach cancer . ” says.

CAUSES OF STOMACH CANCER

Stomach cancer is a more common type of cancer in men. It is claimed that the estrogen hormone secreted in women protects from stomach cancer. In gastric cancer, where family history is also important, 6 out of 10 patients are older than 65 years. Assoc. Dr. Stating that Helicobacter Pylori microbe that causes ulcers in the stomach can cause cancer in the long term, Atasoy said, “However, every patient with this microbe in their stomach should not mean that they will have stomach cancer. Although it is seen at a high rate of 60 percent in our country, stomach cancer is detected in only 1-3 percent of these patients. Treatment of this bacterium reduces the risk of stomach cancer. In addition, chronic gastritis and stomach polyps are other risk factors. ” says. In addition to these, salty, smoked and barbecued foods; processed meats such as salami and sausages; foods containing aflatoxins (toxins produced by some mold species); Smoking and alcohol consumption are other factors that increase the risk.

DON’T SAY ‘IT IS UNPROGRESSABLE’!

Assoc. Dr. Deniz Atasoy warns that stomach cancer usually progresses insidiously in the early period without any symptoms. When it gives symptoms at an advanced stage, complaints of ‘indigestion’ such as gas in the abdomen, bloating, nausea, feeling of heaviness in the stomach area or early satiety as well as pain developing in the stomach area after meals can be the first symptoms. If the cancer is close to the esophagus, ‘swallowing difficulty’ may be experienced. Weight loss and anorexia are generally late symptoms. Stomach bleeding can also be seen. Assoc. Dr. Atasoy warned that these symptoms, which are frequently encountered by almost everyone, should not be neglected with the thought of ‘indigestion’ and said, “Individuals who develop stomach complaints using stomach medications on their own may cause delays in the diagnosis of stomach cancer. Therefore, a physician should be consulted for stomach complaints. ” says.

PROTECT FROM STOMACH CANCER IN 12 STEPS!

Assoc. Dr. Deniz Atasoy lists 12 precautions you should take to prevent stomach cancer as follows:

– Pay attention to hygiene in food consumption. For example, before eating vegetables and fruits, you should wash them well and cleanse them from chemicals.

– Avoid salty, smoked foods, as well as processed foods such as salami and sausages.

Do not neglect to consume fresh vegetables and fruits every day.

– Do not consume foods that are not kept in the refrigerator and are stale.

– Pay attention to a Mediterranean type diet.

Consuming soy, mushrooms, garlic and onions reduces the risk of stomach cancer. Make it a habit to eat these foods regularly.

– Avoid the consumption of barbecued meat.

Obesity increases the risk of stomach cancer. If you have excess weight, reach your ideal weight with a healthy diet.

– If you have a Helicobacter Pylori problem, do not disrupt your treatment.

Exercise is another important factor that reduces risk. Exercise at least 3-4 days a week, 45 minutes each.

While cigarette consumption increases the risk by 20 percent for women, this figure rises to 60 percent for men. If you smoke, quit immediately.

– Green and yellow fruits rich in B carotene, vitamin C and E reduce the risk of stomach cancer with the antioxidants they contain. Take care to consume these fruits regularly.

NEW HOPES IN TREATMENT

Stomach cancer is considered a systemic disease, except for a very early stage. So, it’s holding the whole body. For this reason, surgery is only one step of the treatment. The other stage is chemotherapy treatment. General Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Deniz Atasoy said, “With the continuous improvement of surgical methods as well as chemotherapy treatment, success and hopes increase in the fight against stomach cancer. The 5-year survival rate for all stages is 32 percent. In the early stages, this rate rises to 70 percent. ” says.

Emphasizing that the definitive treatment of stomach cancer is surgery, Atasoy said:

“Chemotherapies, which were usually given after surgery in the past, are now applied before surgery, depending on the prevalence of the disease. If the disease has spread beyond the stomach, treatment is started with chemotherapy first. Surgery is applied according to the response from the treatment. In some cases, radiotherapy, known as radiotherapy, may also be required. Positive results are obtained from different drug treatments such as smart drugs and immunotherapy in stomach cancer. One of the innovations in the surgical field; D2 lymphadenectomy is performed at the same time with the removal of the stomach, that is, the lymph nodes are removed and the process of cleaning is also performed. By removing the lymph nodes that may be the possible spread of stomach cancer, the risk of recurrence or spreading away after surgery is reduced. In scientific studies; D2 lymphadenectomy application in gastric cancer has been shown to prolong life. ”


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