Being a largely inherited disease Asperger’s Syndromeis an Austrian pediatrician whose name described the syndrome in 1944 Hans Asperger ‘has taken from. Although Aspergen Syndrome is confused with classic autism among the people, classical autismIt has less severe symptoms and the absence of language delays.
Individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome who display difficulties in social communication and obsessive behavior have difficulties in understanding jokes, allusions and metaphors. At the same time, although their speech is not a problem with pronunciation, they may have problems with speaking tone and emphasis.
WHAT IS ASPERGER SYNDROME?
Changes in the brain are responsible for most of Asperger’s syndrome symptoms. However, scientists are not able to determine exactly what caused these changes.
People with this diagnosis have problems communicating and communicating with other people, although there is no obvious problem with their speaking skills. In addition, they have obsessive thoughts, behaviors and interests.
HOW DOES IT APPEAR?
Asperger’s Syndrome is largely inherited. In other words, it is possible that other individuals in the family of individuals with this diagnosis also have Asperger Syndrome or autism. Although the difficulties experienced during pregnancy and birth are shown among the reasons other than genetics, it is not clear how these cause the disorder.
SYMPTOMS OF ASPERGER SYNDROME
Lack of social awareness
Lack of interest in socializing / making friends
Difficulty building and maintaining friendships
Inability to understand (empathize) other people’s thoughts and feelings
Avoiding eye contact or looking very carefully
Lack of facial expressions and gestures or use of exaggerated gestures
Inability to understand body language
Failure to comply with interpersonal boundaries; lack of privacy perception
Hypersensitivity to sounds, touch, smells, tastes or visual stimuli
Excessive commitment to rituals or routines
Repetitive motor behavior such as hand clapping or arm waving
Clumsiness or uncoordinated motor movements
Obsessive interest in just a few subjects, such as dinosaurs or vacuum cleaners
Difficulty understanding the use of subtle language such as irony or sarcasm
Difficulty adjusting the tone of the voice (for example, when speaking loudly or too fast, suddenly low voice or slow speech)
Disorganized speech or directing speech to one’s own interests; Inability to focus on what the other party is talking about
CLASSIFICATION OF ASPERGER SYNDROME
Asperger’s syndrome is considered the mildest end of the autism spectrum disorders group (ASD), which refers to complex neurodevelopmental disorders that are congenital or occurring in the first 3-4 years of life. In other words, it is the mildest form of classical autism. Other ASDs;
Childhood disruptive disorder
Atypical form of autism (pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise named).
Asperger syndrome is not classified separately in itself, it may be reflected in the daily life of the child more or less depending on the psychiatric problem that may accompany the syndrome. Asperger syndrome was accepted as one of the types of autism and defined as one of the autism spectrum disorders in 2003.
DIAGNOSIS OF ASPERGER SYNDROME
There is no test that can directly detect Asperger’s syndrome, which is generally evident at the age of 4-11. Depending on the situation, blood tests and x-rays can be performed first to investigate physical disorders with symptoms similar to this disorder. If there is no physical problem, the child can be referred to specialists in child development disorders such as psychiatrists and / or psychologists.
HOW IS ASPERGER SYNDROME TREATED?
Asperger syndrome has no cure and continues throughout life. Many therapies can be applied to improve the symptoms of the syndrome. Behavioral and educational intervention types are selected according to the age and needs of the child. It works in areas where the child with asperger is problematic. Therefore, not all of these methods may be applied. Each therapy’s specialist is also different. The main therapies are:
Social cognition awareness training: It can help to understand speaking skills and social cues.
Speech and language therapy: Abstract expressions of language, ways of expressing thought, voice control etc. can help teach.
Occupational therapy: Their skills are supported, organization and coordination skills are developed, working methods in an organization are understood.
Cognitive behavioral therapy: It can help relieve anxiety and other personal difficulties.
Physiotheraphy: It is aimed at providing motor coordination and perceptual integrity.
HOW FREQUENCY IS ASPERGER SYNDROME HAPPENED?
Very different rates are given in the literature regarding the frequency of Asperger’s Syndrome. However, to give numbers, it can be said that 1-4 out of every 1000 children have Asperger’s Syndrome. This syndrome is much more common in boys, but the reason for this is unknown. It is generally accepted that 4 boys versus 1 girl child is affected by this disorder.
CAN ASPERGER SYNDROME BE PREVENTED?
Current information does not suggest that Asperger’s Syndrome can be prevented. We will see what research will bring in the coming years. However, we all have a responsibility to ensure that the functionality of children with Asperger Syndrome and autism spectrum disorder reach the highest level.
First of all, it is very important to create early diagnosis and good education opportunities. Then, we need to learn to accept these individuals in schools and society and to benefit from their differences as a society by enabling them to work in professions appropriate to their abilities.
Instead of excluding those who are different and moving away from them, we need to love and engage them in social life.
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