Blepharoplasty is the reconstruction or surgical repair of an eyelid. It is done to improve the appearance of the upper or lower eyelids or both.
In the normal maturation process, the eyelid tissue is stretched and the supporting muscles weaken. Gradually, the layers of fat that cushion the eyeball in the skull can shift, causing the fat deposits to accumulate both below and above the eyelids. As a result, sagging of the eyebrows and upper eyelids and under-eye bags can create a sagging and aged appearance in both women and men. Sagging skin can also reduce peripheral vision. Blepharoplasty can alleviate some of these eyelid problems. Removing excess skin and fat can reduce sagging.
Is blepharoplasty right for you?
Before blepharoplasty, your surgeon evaluates the current appearance of your eyelid tissue. Overly loosened tissue in your forehead and eyebrow area or stretching of the levator muscles (upper eyelid muscles) may contribute to the drooping appearance of your upper eyelids. After the examination, an eyelid lift treatment plan is created, which addresses the main problem and is specially designed to provide the desired youthful appearance.
How is the process applied?
As with all procedures he performs, your doctor will develop a surgical plan that suits your needs and health. The procedure will be performed on an outpatient basis, under general anesthesia, which will completely block any pain.
The surgical procedure for the upper eyelid is relatively simple. A thin incision is made in the fold above each eye and the scars are well hidden in natural contours. Thanks to this incision, the excess skin that causes the eyelids to droop is removed. The underlying muscles are then tightened and repositioned, and the excessive swelling-causing fat is cleared. The skin is then lifted with special care to achieve a younger expression without over-correcting and creating an unnatural look. After the desired appearance is created, the incisions are closed with fine stitches.
The surgical procedure for the lower eyelid mainly focuses on the removal of fat deposits that tend to accumulate in this area as patients age. A very secret incision is made in the lower eyelashes. Thanks to this incision, fat tissue and sagging skin are cleaned at the same time and a smoother and tighter eye area is revealed. If there is a problem with the loose muscles around the eyes, the muscles in that area can also be repositioned and tightened.
How is the recovery after the procedure applied to the eyelid?
Immediately after the procedure, the eye contour and the area around the incisions can be expected to be red and swollen. Also, problems with the eyes, such as sensitivity to light and blurred vision, can be noticed. It should not be forgotten that these effects are common and will spontaneously pass quite quickly.
In the first few days, ointment should be applied to the incisions. Cold compresses can help reduce swelling, and eye drops can keep eyes moist. During the first week, it is important to avoid tiring activities such as watching television, wearing contact lenses and using a computer.
Most patients feel well enough to return to work about a week after eyelid lift. However, it may take a few more weeks until it heals completely.
Bending, heavy lifting, vigorous exercise, and crying should be avoided, as these activities can increase blood flow to the eyes and negatively affect the healing process.